Новости

17 ноября 2021
"The age of rebellion" (1890-1918) from the book "The story of music" by Howard Goodall

Good afternoon, Authors, Translators and Publishing companies!

Читать дальше
07 ноября 2021
Книга "Figlia della cenere", Ilaria Tuti

Доброго дня, Автори, Перекладачі і Видавництва!

Читать дальше
24 октября 2021
Віки та людські роди за книгою "Легенди і міфи Стародавньої Греції та Стародавнього Риму" М.А. Куна

Доброго дня, Автори, Перекладачі і Видавництва!

Читать дальше
18 октября 2021
"The age of Tragedy" (1850-1890) from the book "The story of music" by Howard Goodall

Good afternoon, Authors, Translators and Publishing companies!

Читать дальше
10 октября 2021
Історія династії Габсбургів за книгою "The Habsburgs. The History of a Dynasty" by Benjamin Curtis

​​​​​Доброго дня, Автори, Перекладачі і Видавництва!

Читать дальше
21 августа 2021
"Ренесанс і Реформація" (1450 - 1670 рр.) за книгою Нормана Дейвіса "Європа. Історія"

Доброго дня, Автори, Перекладачі та Видавництва!

Читать дальше
27 июля 2021
"The age of invention" (1650-1750) from the book "The story of music" by Howard Goodall

Good afternoon, Authors, Translators and Publishing companies!

Читать дальше
18 июля 2021
Римські боги за книгою М.А. Куна "Легенди і міфи Стародавньої Греції та Стародавнього Риму"

Доброго дня, Автори, Перекладачі і Видавництва!

Читать дальше
12 августа 2021
"The age of Elegance and Sentiment" (1750-1850) from the book "The story of music" by Howard Goodall

Good afternoon, Authors, Translators and Publishing companies!

 

Continuing to read the book «The story of music» by Howard Goodall, we investigated the next chapter «The Age of Elegance and Sentiment» (1750-1850).

Main moments:

  1. several events, impacted Europe and its culture:
    • two earthquakes in London in 1750;
    • earthquake and tsunami in Lisbon in 1755 (a lot of human victims and damage);
  2. two sons of Bach (Johann Christian in London and Carl Philipp Emanuel in Berlin) were pioneers of new music sound and new period of Enjoyment:
    • faith and morality gave way to the Pleasure principle;
    • a project of celebrating not inventiveness, but elegance, not piety, but beauty;
    • this new music was leaded by a group of composers from Vienna: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven;
  3. new music of new composers:
    • they decided that there were really far too many chords available and that they needed far fewer for their purposes (only three chords for every key-family, «home» chords, most powerful);
    • they were fond of order and formal infrastructure: every piece of tune they composed was constructed with the help of musical maps;
    • composers developed greater ambitions for instrumental music to be listened to without dancing, so they needed alternative ways of determining structure, pace, duration or changes of mood;
    • it was created musical map as symphony or sonata form: state your theme, elaborate on it, state your second theme, elaborate on it, change key, elaborate more, return to where you started but in new key-family (all composers were taught this like a basis);
    • symphony is a peculiar thing: sixty musicians simultaneously interpreting instructions given them by one person with no narrative, no plot and no literal meaning;
    • living through the American and French revolution, composers felt that their job wasn’t to join the revolutionaries, but to keep the aristocrasy calm and that’s why they created a virtual world of order and harmony in music;
  4. Haydn’s input:
    • he took a small tune and manipulated it in lots of ways in order to make a unified, more substantial framework of it;
    • his technique of manipulating the tune: it gradually moves upwards in its first half and then in its second gradually moves downwards;
    • his long career was mostly unaffected by what the public thought of his music because he worked for an aristocrat, Prince Esterhazy, at his private house;
  5. Mozart’s work:
    • he needed the public to enjoy his music: public performing, teaching, writing on commission, composing for theatre and producing a dance music;
    • Mozart’s approach was similar to Haydn’s – the same orchestra, the same chords, the same architecture – but he had the melodic gift (if you can instantly remember the tune, it’s by Mozart), he wrote catchy melodies;
  6. Beethoven’s mission:
    • his great significance wasn’t through form or musical language, but in recalibrating what music was for, he turned music from after-dinner entertainment into emotional experience, the cry of the soul, the voice of conscience, his music yearned to be the expression of humanity’s deepest desires and anxieties;
    • famous symphonies: «Eroica» (1804), «Pastoral» (1808), «Choral symphony» (1824);
  7. Robert Schumann, German successor to Beethoven, made the piano the essential nineteeth-century instrument:
    • piano was the only source of music in many middle-class home (before gramophone and radio);
    • it was a chance for women to become involved in composing and performing music;
    • wife of Robert Schumann, Clara Wieck Schumann, became one of the most famous concert pianists of the century.

 

For those, who are interested in music and history

 

Yours faithfully,

Website Administration

literary-tree.net

 

 

 

 

Поделиться в соцсетях: